Periodontology or Periodonticsis a specialty of dentistry that studies supporting structures of the teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect them. The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium, which includes the gingival (gums), alveolar bone, cementum and the periodontal ligaments. A professional who practises this specialty field of dentistry is known as a periodontist.
Periodontal diseases take on many different forms, but are usually a result of a coalescence of bacterial plaque biofilm accumulation of the red complex bacteria of the gingival teeth, combined with host immune-inflammatory mechanisms and other risk factors that lead to destruction of the supporting bone around natural teeth. Untreated, these diseases lead to alveolar bone loss and tooth loss and, to date, continue to be the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
A healthy oral health regimen that includes regular visits to your dentist can help to alleviate or prevent the occurrence of gingivitis and other periodontal diseases. Contact us today in Ajax, Whitby or Pickering to schedule an examination.