Orthodontics (Braces)

Learn More about Our Orthodontic Services, including Braces in Whitby

If you or your children have crooked teeth, an overbite or an underbite, chances are you will benefit greatly from orthodontic treatment. These problems can cause more issues than just lowered confidence. At Durham Dental Centres, we offer orthodontic treatment and braces to Whitby, Ajax and surrounding areas so that our patients will not only feel confident in their smile, but also have a smile that allows for proper chewing and speech. Our board-certified orthodontist provides outstanding orthodontic care to patients of all ages. Whether your teen wants a straighter smile or you’re concerned about the functionality of your jaw, contact us at one of our three locations for a consultation with our orthodontist.

Understanding Orthodontics: Straightening Out Your Smile

Malocclusion is the technical term describing the improper fit and alignment of the teeth and jaws. It can be divided into two categories: “crooked teeth” or a “poor bite.” Malocclusion may be caused by:

Inherited Traits

Traits such as jaw size and tooth size are inherited, but they are often in conflict. For example, you may have a small jaw but large teeth, which causes crowding. Conversely, you may have a large jaw and small teeth, causing your teeth to be widely spaced or “drift” out of place. Other inherited traits include: missing teeth, teeth that erupt in the wrong place (transposed with other teeth) or congenital defects, such as a cleft palate or severely underdeveloped upper or lower jaw.

Oral Habits

Tooth loss from accidents or decay can cause the remaining teeth to drift into new positions.

Tooth Loss

Oral habits such as thumb or finger sucking, pacifier use and possibly mouth breathing are related to malocclusion.

Braces Can Correct Crowding

Mild malocclusion causes no functional problems and little cosmetic concern, while severe cases may cause difficulty eating and speaking and can be a source of embarrassment. Crowding is the most common type of malocclusion. In children, early crowding of their permanent teeth may prevent the remaining teeth from coming in properly. However, mild crowding may be corrected naturally as the child’s jaw grows. Your orthodontist will be able to evaluate your specific condition. With or without correction through braces, the teeth have a natural tendency to drift towards the front of the jaw. As a result, 65% of adults eventually end up with crowded lower front teeth.

Symptoms of Malocclusion

The most common symptom of malocclusion is crooked or protruding teeth. Physical symptoms of malocclusion are rare. However, you can look for any of the following:

  • In children, permanent teeth may come in (erupt) out of their normal position

  • Difficulty in chewing due to bite alignment

  • Biting the cheeks or the roof of the mouth

  • Speech difficulties

  • Pain in the jaws or facial muscles

In adults, symptoms will remain the same or worsen over the years. To be sure, it is recommended to have your dentist assess your bite.

Orthodontic Treatment for Malocclusion

The goal of orthodontic treatment for malocclusion is to reposition the teeth into a proper bite while maintaining or improving your appearance. The most common way this is done is through braces. At our Whitby, Ajax and Pickering locations, we offer conventional braces, as well as other orthodontic appliances.


During the childhood or teen years, your orthodontist will take advantage of your child’s growth spurts to guide permanent teeth into place and guide the jaw’s growth. For adults, in addition to the use of appliances such as braces, adjustments may be made by grinding tooth tips or providing space maintainers to counteract the effects of premature tooth loss. In some cases, orthodontic treatment can be avoided by using dental crowns or veneers. In severe cases, surgery may be the only viable treatment. Orthognathic surgery is performed for severe jaw-related problems once the jaw has stopped growing.

Don’t want to be a “metal-mouth”?

Today’s orthodontists can often offer adults and children a selection of aesthetically pleasing options. These include “invisible” braces, clear braces and wires and may also include appliances worn only at night or on a limited basis. Ask your orthodontist about the pros and cons of these options for your condition.

Caring for Your Braces in Whitby, Ajax and Pickering

The success of your orthodontic treatment, including braces at our Whitby, Ajax and Pickering locations, depends on your ability to care for your appliances and follow your orthodontist’s specific instructions. If it isn’t possible to keep your appointments, you should at the very least practice careful dental hygiene and wear your appliances as directed. If your child is too immature to take on the responsibility, consider starting treatment at a later time.

Your braces will require special care. This may include the following:

  • Avoid eating sticky and hard foods such as gum, taffy and nuts.

  • Taking vitamins with fluoride

  • Using a retainer as often and for as long as is required

  • Carefully brushing after each meal or snack

  • Stopping any oral habits, such as thumb sucking, which may have contributed to the malocclusion

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